What Is A HTML?

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HTML stands for Markup Language for Hypertext. It helps the user to build and organise sections for web pages and applications, paragraphs, headings, links, and blockquotes.

HTML is not a programming language, which means it has no ability to construct complex features. Instead, it makes it possible, similar to Microsoft Word, to organise and format documents.

We use quick code structures (tags and attributes) to label up a website page while working with HTML. For example, by placing the enclosed text within the starting < p > and closing < /p > tags, we can construct a paragraph.

How Does HTML Work?

Files that end with a .html or .htm suffix are HTML documents. All web browsers (such as Google Chrome, Safari, or Mozilla Firefox) can then be displayed. The browser reads the HTML file and makes its content so it can be accessed by internet users.

Typically, several different HTML pages are included on the typical website. Home forums, forums, communication pages, for example, will all have different HTML documents.

A HTML page is made up of a collection of tags (also called elements) that you can refer to as web page building blocks. They create a hierarchy that structures the content into sections, headings, paragraphs, and other blocks of content.

The majority of HTML elements have openings and closures that use the syntax < tag></tag >.

Pros and Cons of HTML

HTML comes with a handful of strengths and weaknesses, just like most stuff.


  • A widely used language with a lot of resources and a huge community behind.
  • Runs natively in every web browser.
  • Comes with a flat learning curve.
  • Open-source and completely free.
  • Clean and consistent mark-up.
  • The official web standards are maintained by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
  • Easily integrable with backend languages such as PHP and Node.js.


  • Mostly used for static web pages. For dynamic functionality, you may need to use JavaScript or a backend language such as PHP.
  • It does not allow the user to implement logic. As a result, all web pages need to be created separately, even if they use the same elements, e.g. headers and footers.
  • Some browsers adopt new features slowly.
  • Browser behaviour is sometimes hard to predict (e.g. older browsers don’t always render newer tags).
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